Jun 15, 2007

Fundamentals of Jyotisha ( Part IV)

ॐ श्री गुरावे नमः !
ॐ नमः शिवाय!

GRAHA/PLANETS characteristics and description continued......Apart from what we have discussed earlier about the Strength of Graha, there is a very beautiful system in Jyotisha called Shad bal or Shad bala (Six Strengths), it estimates and predicts the strength of Graha during its Transit and it also tells us the strength of Graha as a quantity, in addition to Shad bala there are few other related terms like Astakavarga bala, Ishta phala and kshta phala etc.

Shadbala is a method to evaluate the strength of Graha/Planets by calculating the points a Graha/Planet would get based on its position, direction, motion, time, and aspect, Naisargika (Natural strength) bala is common for all the tables so it is not very important, there are many variations for calculation of Shadbala, Table No 39 and 40 list these values in Virupas to call a Graha Strong, the values can be represented in Rupas and percentage.




Shadbala comprises of various types of strengths which are listed with all their
further classifications in the Table no 41.

Astakavarga meaning eight divisions it is a system of analyzing a chart with respect to a group of 8 reference points and it tells us the benefic positions of Lagna and seven planets with respect to each other, so using this system we can analyze the Natal and the Transit chart, transit chart is more important for day to day predictions.

The individual Ashtakavarga chart is known as the Bhinnashtakavarga, and the combined effect given in one chart is known as Sarvashtakavarga chart.

The total value of any house for any Graha/planet is = 8,
If Benefic points = x,
8-x = Malefic points.
7 Graha/planets x 8 points = 56

The house that gets less than 28 benefic points will give less result as indicated by that house. Similarly if any house contributes more than 28 points then the results denoted by that house will be greater, 28 is 50% of 56.

The individual points of each house if it is less than 4 the phala will not be favorable, a value of 4 is average phala and points above 4 are very favorable. The total is always 337.


The Rasis/signs which carry 7 or 8 points are the peak periods of the native in that particular sphere of his/her life and the houses with 5 or 6 points are periods with good results, at the same time Rasis/signs with values 0, 1 or 2 would give most unfavorable results, the above chart shows maximum points for two houses Aries and Scorpio and the lord of both these signs is Mars and these are 6th and 11th signs from Lagna, representing, Job, Enemies, disease, gain in everything, friends and elders as the prominent areas of his/her life, 7th and 8th house also carry good points, meaning better results in the areas represented by these two signs also.

Ishta and Kshta phala: Very simple translation of these two terms into English would be "results I like", and "results painful to me", to get these values first calculate the Uchch Rasmi and Chesht rasmi of Graha, then using these two calculate the subha rasmis (Auspicious) and asubha (Inauspicious) rasmis, further use these two and calculate the Ishta and Kshta phala.

Each Varga placement contributes a strength according to the placement in the planet's sign. Table No 43 lists the strength of each Graha as per their placement.


If Subhankas (Auspicious) is deducted from 60, Asubhanka (Inauspicious points) will emerge and in other Vargas these values are halved.

A Graha is considered auspicious in the first four of the said places, In the fifth place it is neutral, i.e. neither good nor bad and in the other two places it is inauspicious.
A typical Table showing Shad bala in virupas, in rupas, in percentage, Ishta and Kshta Phala is listed in the table no 44.

Conclusion: There are many versions of discussions on this particular topic every Astrologer had tried to peel a new skin from this fruit, but the most important thing is, it gives a direct methodology to label a Graha Strong, Very Strong, Weak, or Very Weak, I personally feel there is no need to go into details and dissect them to see if they give you repeatable results like a true physical scientist, these values are like indicators showing where exactly the Graha's are standing and with how many points each.

As the Graha/Planets are always on the move, only Saturn and Jupiter take little more time to than other Grahas, other wise in a day there always is a possibility for worst and the best time point.

ॐ श्री गुरावे नमः !
ॐ नमः शिवाय!

SIanala, Montreal , June 2007.

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